Altitude: 298 Mt.
Climate: Summer Max: 42.0 C Min: 26.0C Winter Max: 26.0C Min: 12.0 C
Best Time To Visite :October to March
History of Chhattisgarh
According to a mythological legend, Ram, during his Vanvas stayed in Dakshin Kosala. Which is modern day Chhattisgarh. The unbroken history of Chhattisgarh or of South Kosala can be traced back to fourth century AD and its mythological history goes back as far back as the Mahabarata and the Ramayana. About the history of the region the famous historian C.W.Wills writes, 'in the 10th century AD a powerful Rajput family ruled at Tripuri near Jabalpur, Issuing from this kingdom of Chedi (also known as Kalchuri dynasty) a scion of the royal house by the name Kalingraja, settled about the year 1000AD, at Tuman, a site at present marked only by a few ruins in the north east of the erstwhile Laphazamidari of The Bilaspur district. His grandson Ratanraja founded Ratanpur Which continued as the capital of a large part of the country now known as Chhattisgarh.
This Rajput family called themselves the Haihaya dyanasty. This dynasty continued ruling Chhattisgarh for six centuries about the 14th century it split into parts, the elder branch continued at Ratanpur, while the younger settled in semi-independent state at Raipur. At the end of 16th century it acknowledged the suzerainty of the Mughals, In Bastar, in the middle ages, Chalukya dynasty established its rule. The first Chalukya ruler was Annmdev, who established the dynasty in Bastar in 1320 .
CultureThe Culture prevailing in Raipur district is that of Chhattisgarh. 'Chhattisgarhi' is the local language that most of the people in this area love to converse in. Chhattisgarh culture in itself is very rich and interesting. 'Baigas' (traditional medical practitioners) apply their own methods (called Jhad phook) to cure diseases and snake bites etc. However, known for their modesty, kindness and adjustable nature people of this area are fond of variety in dressing, entertainment and way of living. This culture has unique styles of music and dance. Raut Nacha, Dewar Nacha, Panthi & Soowa, Padki and Pandwani are some of musical styles and dance dramas. Pandwani is a famous musical way of singing Mahabharata in this region. This particular music style has been brought into lime light by well known Teejan Bai and young Ritu Verma. Colourful dresses and variety of ornaments are worn by women and men of this part of country .
Sightseeing in ChhattisgarhKawardha:
The small age-old town of Kawardha is a tranquil retreat offering breathtaking views of nature and a rich tribal life. The royal palace introduces you to some finer glimpses of Indian royalty.
Chitrakote Falls: Deep in the heart of Bastar forest, this enormous waterfall plunges down from a height of 100 feet.
Kanker: This thousand year old town offers a splendid combination of forest, waterfalls and exquisite tribal villages nestled inside. Here is an old palace still resided by the royal family of the area, which itself is one of the major tourist attractions in Chhattisgarh.
Bhoramdeo: It is often referred to as the Khajuraho
of Chhattisgarh because of its beautifully carved erotic sculptures.
Chamaparan: The erstwhile Champaranya was the birthplace of Saint Vallabhacharya. The place is famous for his birth anniversary sometime in April-May and an annual fair sometime in Jan-Feb.
Bastar: This near-perfect tribal land embodies a wild invitation into unexplored forests with waterfalls and wild animals, age-old temples, tribal dance and music. It is one of the most important eco-tourism destinations of the country.
Seorinarayan: The place is associated with legends in the Ramayana. Some consider the 10th/11th century temple to be even more sacred than the temple of Lord Jagannatha in Puri.
Apart from these the state boasts of 3 National Parks and 11 Wildlife Sanctuaries with a multitude of wildlife. Among these, Indrawati National Park, Kanger Ghati National Park and Achanakmar Sanctuary are important tourist attractions in Chhattisgarh. Some endangered species like Wild Buffalo and Hill Myna are spotted here.
How to Reach Chhattisgarh
By Air: Raipur, the capital city of Chhattisgarh, is the only airport in
the state. The Indian Airlines connect the city with Delhi and Nagpur by daily
By Rail: Chhattisgarh is well connected with good railway network. Raipur and Bilaspur are the two major railway stations, which connect it to major cities and towns of India.
By Road: The National Highways (NH) 6, 16 and 43 connect all the major cities and towns of Chhattisgarh to other parts of the country.